Up to Snuff#64: Poetry Breadcrumb Search

Up to Snuff #64: Poetry Breadcrumb Search

Compiled by Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

Poetry-“Metrical writing, verse, the productions of a poet:  poems, writing that formulates a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience in language chosen and arranged to create a specific emotional response through meaning, sound and rhythm, something likened to poetry esp. beauty of expression, poetic quality or aspect, the ___of dance.” (Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, pg 956)

Poetry-“A metrical composition produced or embellished by creative imagination, utterance in song, poems collectively.” (The Consolidated Webster Multi-Pictured Encyclopedic Dictionary)

Poet Laureate-“A poet honored for achievement, a poet appointed for life by an English sovereign as a member of the royal household and formerly expected to compose poems for court and national occasions, a poet appointed annually by the U.S. Library of Congress as a consultant and typically involved in the promotion of poetry, one regarded by a country or region as its most eminent or representative poet.”  “Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, pg 956)

Prose-“Ordinary spoken or written language, unmetrical composition:  to write or translate in prose, not metrical prosaic or tedious.” (The Consolidated Webster Multi-Pictured Encyclopedic Dictionary)

Prose-“Straightforward, being in prose, to turn forward, the ordinary language people use in speaking or writing, a literary medium distinguished from poetry by its greater irregularity and variety of rhythm and its closer correspondence to the patterns of everyday speech.”(Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary)

Prosaic-“Written in prose.”  (Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary)

Pro se-“On one’s own behalf to proceed “pro se” without an attorney or a prose-cuter.” (Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary)

Prose-May be the writing that has yet to be translated to meter that may require a “pro”. AO

Sonnets-“Latin Sonus sound, French old Occitan sonnet =little song, a fixed verse form of Italian origin consisting of 14 lines that are typically 5 foot iambics rhyming according to a prescribed theme, also poem in this pattern. “ (Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, pg 1190)

Iambic or Iamb or Iambus-“A metrical foot consisting of one short syllable followed by one long syllable or of one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable.” (Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, pg 614)

Iambic-“A satirical poem in iambic verse.” (The Consolidated Webster Multi-Pictured Encyclopedic Dictionary)

Iambus-“A metrical foot consisting of two syllables of which the first is short and the second is long (u-) or in accentual versification, a foot of two syllables in which the stress accent falls on the second syllable (u’)”  (The Consolidated Webster Multi-Pictured Encyclopedic Dictionary)

Iambic-in “Euripides,” thought of also  as “of the lamb” or smooth, soft or refined or I am two or I am two see, shepherds wool, or woo all (poetry), love or marriage, or used to describe wine, lover, dancer, singer  etc.  AO

Iambic Pentameter-

Satire-“A species of poetry or prose in which vice and folly are held up to ridicule by sarcasm, burlesque, and parody, mocking, critical humor. “ (The Consolidated Webster Multi-Pictured Encyclopedic Dictionary)

Satire-“Satura dish of mixed ingredients, satur well fed, akin to satis enough, a literary work holding up human vices and follies to ridicule or scorn, trenchant wit, irony, or sarcasm used to expose and discredit vice or folly.  Synonym is sarcastic.” (Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary)

Triolets-“Clover leaf, a poem or stanza of eight lines in which the first line is repeated as the fourth and seventh and the second line as the eighth with a rhyme scheme of ABaAabAB” (Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary)

Odes-“To sing, akin to Greek aude voice, a lyric poem, marked by exaltation of feeling and style, varying length of line, the complexity of stanza forms” (Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary)

Odes-“A poem fit to be chanted or sung and usually in a dignified style” (The Consolidated Webster Multi-Pictured Encyclopedic Dictionary)

Stanza –“Stay, abode, room, stantia stay more at stance, a division of a poem consisting of a series of lines arranged together in a usually recurring pattern of meter and rhyme: strophe, stanzaic” (Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary)

Stanza-“A number of lines or verses connected with and adjusted to each other, usually ending in a pause, part of a poem containing every variation of measure in the poem.” (The Consolidated Webster Multi-Pictured Encyclopedic Dictionary)

Strophe-“Stro fe, that part of  a song or dance in the ancient Greek drama performed by the chorus while turning from the right to the left, a stanza.” (The Consolidated Webster Multi-Pictured Encyclopedic Dictionary)

Strophe-“Act of turning, to turn to twist, a rhythmic system composed of two or more lines repeated as a unit, esp. such a unit recurring in a series of strophic units, stanza, the movement of the classical Greek chorus while turning from one side to the other of the orchestra, the part of a Greek choral ode sung during the strophe of the dance.” (Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary)

Strophic-“Of a song, using same music for successive stanzas, compare through composed.” (Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary)

Verse-“Turning, to turn,  a line of metrical writing, metrical language, metrical writing, distinguished from poetry esp. by its lower level of intensity, poetry, poem, a body of metrical writing (as of a period or country), stanza, one of the short divisions into which a chapter of bible is traditionally divided.”(Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary)

Verse-“A line of a definite meter or rhythm; stanza; poetry; short division of any composition, especially of the chapters.”  (The Consolidated Webster Multi-Pictured Encyclopedic Dictionary)

Blank Verse-“Unrhymed iambic lines of five feet each” (The Consolidated Webster Multi-Pictured Encyclopedic Dictionary)

Heroic Verse-“Rhymed iambic lines of five feet each” (The Consolidated Webster Multi-Pictured Encyclopedic Dictionary)

Free Verse-“Verse whose meter is irregular in some respect or whose rhythm is not metrical” (Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary)

Onomatopoeia-“The formation of words to resemble the sounds made by the thing signified as buzz, a bee, tick-tick, a watch, the use of words so formed or the word itself.” (The Consolidated Webster Multi-Pictured Encyclopedic Dictionary)

Onomatopoeia-“The naming of a thing or action by a vocal imitation of the sound associated with it (as buzz, hiss), the use of words whose sound suggests the sense.” ( Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary)

Onomastics-“The science or study of the origins and forms of words esp. as used in a specialized field, the science or study of the origin and forms of proper names of persons or places, the system underlying the formation and use of words esp. for proper names or of words used in a specialized field eg. onomastician, onomatology.” (Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary)

Villanelle– “A chiefly French verse form running on two rhymes and consisting typically of five tercets and a quatrain in which the first and third lines of the opening tercet recur alternately at the end of the other tercets and together as the last two lines of the quatrain.” (Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary)

Tercet-“A unit or group of three lines of verse, one of the 3 line stanzas in terza rima, one of the two groups of three lines forming the sestet in an Italian sonnet.” (Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary)

Terza rima-

Sestet-“A stanza or poem of six lines, the last six lines of an Italian sonnet.” (Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary)

Sestina-“A lyrical fixed form consisting of six 6 line usu. Unrhymed stanzas in which the end words of the first stanza recur as end words of the following five stanzas in a successively rotating order and as the middle and end of words of three verses of the concluding tercet.”  (Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary)

Abecedarian-“Of or relating to the alphabet, alphabetically arranged, rudimentary.”  (Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary)

Plays-“Plays or to please, to make believe, to engage in theatrical or insincere behavior, to put on a performance, to act in the character or part of, to perform or act the part of as in the fool, to pretend to engage in the activities of. “ (Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary)

Vignette-“Originally an ornament representing vine leaves, tendrils and grapes such as those with which capital letters in old manuscripts were decorated:  hence flowers head and tail pieces in printed books, any picture not enclosed within a definite border, in general any delicate picture or word picture.” (The Consolidated Webster Multi-Pictured Encyclopedic Dictionary)

Vignette– “A running ornament (as of vine leaves, tendrils and grapes) put on or just before a title page or at the beginning or end of a chapter; also: a small decorative design or picture so placed, a short descriptive literary sketch, a brief incident or scene (as in a play or movie), to describe briefly.” (Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary)

Court-

Court Jester-

The Fool-

What’s on the table of poetry are syllables, breath, song, lyrical, musical score, numbered, lettered, observed,  the early experiments in language

The most comprehensive write up I have found on poetry is on Wikipedia

 

 

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