Up to Snuff #87: Primary and Secondary Sources


Up to Snuff #87:  Primary and Secondary Sources

Compiled by Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu (Extracted from Applied History Course 200, SNHU)


Letters, speeches, diaries, newspaper articles, photographs, paintings, oral histories

“Primary sources are created by someone who was a participant in, or witness to, the historical event you are studying.  Firsthand accounts.

Manuscripts, documents

Primary source sets (https://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/primarysourcesets/)

Library of Congress


100 Milestone Documents (http://www.ourdocuments.gov/content.php?flash+true&page+milestone)

National archives, American History 1776-1965  original and transcribed copies


Library of Congress Prints and Photographs online catalog (PPOC)


Photographs, drawings, prints


Smithsonian Source



Memoirs, oral histories


Office of the President

Audio recordings

Moving Pictures

Video Recordings

Research data


Artifacts, works of art

Ancient roads, buidlings, tools or weapons


African American Biographical Database (AABD)-Proquest



American Antiquarian Society (AAS)

Historical Periodical Collection



Biography in Context-Gale

Magazine, journal articles, primary sources, videos, audio podcasts, images


Black Studies Center-Proquest

(includes Schomburg Studies on the Black Experience, international Index to Black Periodicals (IIBP)

The Chicago Defender, The Black Literature Index, The HistoryMakers oral history video resource and Black Abolitionist Papers

Congressional Legislative and Executive Publications-Proquest

Documents, hearings, CRS reports, committee reports, committee prints

Early English Books Online (EEBO)-Proquest


American Memory



David Rumsey Historical Map Collection

Digital Public Library of America

Resources from US libraries, archives, museums, including photographs, books, maps, news footage, oral histories, personal letters, museum objects, artwork, government documents


Documenting the American South (DAS)

Maintained by University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill

Digitized Southern Perspectives on American History and Culture


Edward E. Ayer Digital Collection

Primary documents on American Indians, Native American archaeology, ethnology, art and language

History of contact between Europeans and native peoples, voyages, travles, accounts of early America, the development of cartography of the Western Hemisphere and the history of aboriginal peoples under the jurisdiction of the U.S. in the Philippine Islands and Hawaii


Harvard University Digital Collections


Library of Anglo-American Culture


Library of Congress Picture Collection

1.25 million digitized photographs searchable database

Cartoons, baseball cards, Depression Era photos documenting struggle migrant workers


The Making of America (MoA)

Digital library of primary sources in American social history from antebellum period through reconstruction



Ancient History Sourcebook

Mesopotamia to origins of Christianity


Avalon Project

Yale Law School’s Avalon Projet contains digital documents relevant to the fileds of Law, History, Economics, Politics, Diplomacy, Government, Ancient History to Modern Day.


Digital Scriptorium

Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts

Teaching and scholarly research


Euro Docs

Primary Docs by European Country of Origin


European History Primary Sources for the British Library

Search primary sources from British Library by country, language, period, subject, or type or source


Hanover Historical Texts Collection

Digital versions  historical texts for use in history and humanities courses.  Material touches on the Crusaders, Italian Renaissance, the Scientific Revolution, the Enlightenment, French Revolution


Internet History Source Books Project

From Fordham University, find primary sources for Ancient, Medieval and Modern periods, the site offers several subdivisions (African, women)

The Labyrinth

Georgetown University, Medieval studies scholarly resources compiled and organized from around the world.  Contains texts in all European languages, including Latin and Greek.

Library of Congress Global Gateway

Digitized intl. resources including cuneiform tablets, photographs and manuscripts


Perseus Digital Library

Tufts University, ancient world, archaeology, atlas, texts, translations, text tools


Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.