Up to Snuff #121: Literary Device Notes

Up to Snuff #121:  Literary Device Notes

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu


Rising action, climax, falling action

Arrangement connective sequence of narrative events

Series of events


Usually one main protagonist, usually 3, not more than three characters, short stories limit number of characters, one fleshed out or round character, many other two dimensional or flat, depends on tone, plot, theme, setting, characters rendered, how character is revealed through eg. litanies, draws on what?


“~Time, place and mood, when and where and under what circumstances “

“restricted geographical setting.”  “In a single place within a short period of time”

“Within a social situation.”


“~Specific attitude or perspective one adopts with regards to a specific character or place or development”

Theme-Meaning of subject, underlying idea or statement about its subject

Prose-ordinary unrhymed language

Narrative-Has to do with actual stories or writings that include narration

Point of View-eg. First person narrative singular- (I,my)

First person plural (we, are)

Third person point of view-(she, he, they)

Omnipresent narrator-moves around in space and time

Limited omnipresent narrator-expresses emotions single character

Second person-(you)

Irony-manipulation of narrative perspective, authors decisions, gaps, overstatement verbal irony, dramatic irony

Figurative-non-literally, in order to achieve a special effect

Metaphor-one thing compared to another

Simile-one thing is like another

Personification-human qualities to ideas or things

Allusion-associations to persons, places or events

Symbols-Anything that stands for something else

Rhyme-sound patterns of stressed vowels

Alliteration-repetition of a consonant sound

Rhythm-relationship stressed and unstressed syllables, recurrent or similar rhythm is poems meter.

Most literary device notes extracted from:

Richard Abercarian, Marvin Klotz and Samuel Cohen, eds. Literature:  The Human Experience:  Reading and Writing.  New York:  Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2016, Print

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