Up to Snuff #128: Book List Mostly with Literary Theory Orientation

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

Literary Theory  A Practical Introduction

Mikhail Bakhtin

Wordsworth

Logical Fallacies

Keats

The Knowledge Creating Company Ikujiro Nonaku

Enabling Knowledge George Von Krogh

The Innovators Dilemma When New Technologies  Clayton M. Christensen

Hanon

Chopin

The Seminar      Jacques Lacan

Foucault

Jane Austen

Julie Rivkin

Portrait in Georgia

Cane

Norton Anthology of Theory & Criticism   Vincent Leitch

Tracy Whiting

Metamorphosis Franz Kafka

Think like a monk, train your mind for peace   Jay Shetty

The Seagull Book of Poems

Literary Theory An Anthology Julie Rivkin

The Craft of Research  Wayne C. Booth

Professing Literature Gerald Graff

Mary Klages,  Literary Theory, A Guide for the Perplexed

Mary Klages, Key Terms in Literary Theory

Tacit Learning

Literary Review

Emily Dickinson

Biocentric Worldview  Ludwig Klages

Cosmogenic Reflections Ludwig Klages

Pygmalion George Bernard Shaw

Pratchett’s Women  Unauthorized Essays on Female Characters of the Discworld   

Billy Budd, Bartleby and Other Stories  Herman Melville

Leaves of Grass The Original 1855 Edition  Walt Whitman

The Essential Writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson

Literature Unit A guide for Where the Red Fern Grows  Patty Carratello

Literary Theory  Jerry Engleton

Beginning Theory Peter Barry

Literary Theory  Jonathon Culler

The Gothic Order Racial and Social Constructionism in The Literary Imagination

Ruth Bienstock Anolik

The Complete Frankenstein

Othello

Desdemona

Derrida

Lois Lowry The Giver

The Rime of the Ancient Mariner

Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Literary Mantels

Wolf Hall Trilogy

Not Writing, Anne Boyer

Garments Against Women,  Anne Boyer

Lucille Clifton

Naomi Shihab Nye

Rachel Mckibbens

Wizard of Oz

Glass Castle  Jenette Wells

Al Young  The Blues Don’t Change New and Selected Poems

Charlie Chaplin  Modern Times

William Blake

Buster Keaton

Herman Melville

Jane Austen

Joseph Conrad

T.S. Eliot

Albert Camus

Gabriel Garcia Marquez

J.D. Salinger

Alice Walker

Cynthia Ozick

Ralph Ellison

Paddy Chayetsky

Brave New World Aldous Huxley

George Orwell 1984

Animal Farm

Fit, Lean & Beautiful #56: The Spiritual Library of Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu, as a Book List

Fit, Lean & Beautiful #56:  The Spiritual Library of Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu, as a Book List

(New, Rare and Out of Print)

Compiled By Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

  • Bible Portrayed (Picture, coffee table book)
  • Egyptian Myths and legends
  • Oludumare
  • Marquis de Sade Misfortunes of Virtue and Other Early Tales
  • Voltaire Philosophical Dictionary
  • The Last Lecture Randy Pausch
  • A Passage to India E.M. Forster
  • Balzac Epigrams on Men, Women & Love
  • Apes, Angels & Victorians William Irvine
  • Sex, Sin & Zen Brad Warner
  • Mohawk Russo
  • Psychic Energy Workbook
  • The Curse of Jezebel Frank G. Slaughter
  • A Little History of Science William Bynum
  • The Sutra of Forty-Two Chapters Divulged by the Buddha Venerable Cheng Kuen
  • Harvard Classics Sacred Writings (Christian, Buddhist, Hindu, Mohammedan)
  • Manifestos of Surrealism
  • Love Story Erich Segal
  • The Passions of the Mind The biographical Novel Sigmund Freud Irivng Stone
  • Living Buddha, Living Christ, Thich Nhat Hanh
  • King Solomons Ring Lovejoy
  • The New Union Prayer Book
  • Devotional Classics
  • Peeps at Many Lands Kelly
  • Selected Poems Robert Frost
  • Notes to my Children
  • A Natural History of the Senses Ackerman
  • Meditations on First Philosophy Rene Descartes
  • Middle Eastern Muslim Women Speak
  • Existentialism & Human Emotions jean Paul Sartre
  • I touch Earth, the Earth Touches Me Hugh Prather
  • How to See Yourself As You Really Are Hi Holiness Dali Lama
  • Mystic of Wilderness
  • The Masters of the Spiritual path
  • Foundations of the Path
  • The Path to Attainment
  • The Memory Book
  • The Forest People
  • The Grapes of Wrath John Steinbeck
  • Pilgrims in Paradise
  • Love & Will Rollo May
  • Ceremony Leslie Marmon Silke
  • East of the Sun Julia Gregson
  • Fundamentals of Yoga Rammurti Mishra M.D.
  • Spiritualist Healers in Mexico Kaja Finkler
  • How to Know God Deepak Chopra
  • Original Blessing Mathew Fox
  • Philosophy of Religion
  • Way of the Shaman
  • Carlos Castaneda
  • Green Witchcraft
  • Dictionary of Mind, Matter and Novels
  • Before our very eyes, Reading for Journey Through Israel Danny Siegel
  • The Philosophy of Stress Mary F. Asterita
  • Jewels of the Wise Holy Order of Mans
  • Sri Isopanisad A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
  • The Prophet, Khalil Gibran
  • The Kingdom of God is Within You
  • Prisoner of Zenda
  • Stretching, Bob Anderson
  • Siddhartha Herman Hesse
  • Manon Lescant Antoine Francis Prevost
  • Knowledge that leads to everlasting life
  • The Human Aura Nicholas M. Regush
  • Tao Te Ching The Book of the Meaning and Life Lao Tzu
  • Holy Bible King James Version
  • Sach Cua Thay
  • Personal Prayer journal
  • And the Flowers Showered, Discourses on Zen OSHO
  • Don’t Look Before You Leap, OSHO
  • Michael and The Angels, Tan
  • Perennial Wisdom, Elda Hartley
  • Peace is Every Step, Thich Nhat Hanh
  • Spiritual Unfoldment 1, White Eagle
  • The Book of Prayers, Edited by Leon and Elfreda McCauley
  • Around the Golden Ring of Russia
  • The Golden Builders, Tobias C. Burton
  • The Etheric Body of Man
  • Where there is light Paramahansa Yogananda
  • Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam
  • Autobiography of Gandhi or The Story of My Experiments with Truth M.K. Gandhi
  • Daily Guideposts
  • Glory of Freedom, OSHO
  • Arabian Nights, Sir Richard Burton
  • The Detox Diet, Elson M. Haas, M.D.
  • Yoga 28 Day Exercise Plan, Richard Hittleman’s
  • Fundamentals of Yoga a Handbook of Theory, Practice and Application Rammurti S. Mishra, M.D.
  • Iyengar His Life & Work
  • Yoga For Women Nancy Phelan
  • The Mindful Practice of Falun Gong Dr. Margaret Trey
  • Light on Pranayama, The Yogic Art of Breathing Iyengar
  • The Essential Rumi
  • Mahabarata William Buck
  • Sayings Paramahansa Yogananda
  • Autobiography of a Yogi
  • Creative Visualization Shakti Gawain
  • Falun Gong Li Hong Zhi
  • God, Creation, Tools For Life Sylvia Browne
  • Tea Gardens, Ann Lovejoy
  • The Secret Power of Yoga Nischla Joy Devi
  • Algeria a Country Study
  • A Handbook of Medicinal Plants
  • I Tituba, Witch of Salem Maryse Conde
  • Gods, Heroes, Men and Ancient Greece
  • There Eyes Were Watching God, Zora Neale Hurston
  • Martin Luther King The Peaceful Warrior
  • Harvard Classics: Sacred Writings (Confucian, Hebrew, Christian)
  • Harvard Classics: The Odyssey Homer
  • Candide Voltaire
  • Aleister Crowley The Biography
  • Seeds, Mosaics, Chipped Decorating with Plant Materials Eleanor Rennssalaer
  • Sach Cua Thay Quyen 10 An Tong Khong Ban
  • The Trickster, A Study on American Indian Mythology Paul Radin
  • The New Penguin Atlas of Medieval History
  • Arts, Ideas & Civilization Jack A. Hobbs
  • Cassells Latin Dictionary Latin/English
  • Soules Dictionary of English Synonyms
  • Wings Hymnal
  • Service Book Hymnal
  • The Master Plan Coleman
  • Message Amma
  • Gandhi on Personal Leadership Anand Kumarasamy
  • Mohandas Gandhi
  • No Pocket in a Shroud Maxine E. Thompson
  • The Navaho Clyde Kluckman
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. Leadership
  • Veiled Sentiments
  • Four Masterworks of American Indian Literature
  • Freedom and Culture
  • Utopia, More
  • A Working Theory of Love Scott Hutchins
  • Psalm
  • Genesis
  • Mesopotamian Parallels
  • Enuma Elish
  • The Epic of Gilgamesh
  • The Patriarch and the Exodus
  • Egyptian Monotheism
  • Conquest, Chaos and Kingship
  • The Prophets
  • Amos
  • Hosea
  • The Book of Job
  • Isaiah
  • The Suffering Servant
  • Illiad
  • Greek Tragedy
  • Aeschylus
  • Sophocles
  • Euripides
  • Socrates
  • Plato
  • Aristotle
  • Virgils Aeneid
  • Petrarch
  • Boccaccio
  • Pico de Mirandola
  • Machiavelli
  • Castiglione
  • Montaigne
  • Shakespeare’s Hamlet
  • Moliere
  • Racine
  • Swift
  • Voltaire
  • Counterpoint to Rationalism
  • Rousseau
  • Goethe
  • Wordsworth
  • The New Testament
  • Augustine
  • The Song of Roland
  • The Thirteenth Century Synthesis
  • Dante
  • Chaucer
  • Erasmus
  • Luther
  • Calvin
  • The Counter Reformation: Loyola
  • Flaubert
  • Doystoyevsky
  • Tolstoy
  • Dickinson
  • Conrad
  • Kafka
  • Mann
  • Joyce
  • Eliot
  • Faulkner
  • Camus
  • Beckett and the Theatre of the Absurd
  • Wiesel
  • Solzhenitsyn
  • El Elephante Saramago
  • Websters Dictionary
  • Be Here Now Ram Das
  • Small is Beautiful
  • Alice Walker Poetry Book
  • The Secret Garden
  • New Work, New Culture
  • Bella dama sin piedad, Rosario Castellanos
  • El Leon, La Bruja Y El Ropero S. Lewis
  • La Casa de Los Espiritus Isabel Allende
  • El Gesticulador and otras obras de teatro Rodolfo Usigli
  • Pablo Neruda Antologia General
  • Octavio Paz
  • Bhagavadgita Home Study Course Swami Dayananda Saraswati
  • The Nymph and The Lamp
  • Profiles in Courage President John F. Kennedy
  • Les Fleurs du mal Baudelaire
  • Jacques Le Fataliste Diderot
  • Cervantes Don Quixote
  • Wild Irish Rose
  • World of the Maya, Victor W. Von Hagen
  • La Chute, Albert Camus
  • Le Payson de Paris Aragon
  • Huis clos suivi de Les mooches Sarte
  • A Lotus of Emptiness OSHO
  • Thayer’s Life of Beethoven
  • Edgar Allan Poe Proceeding the Harvard Celtic Colloquium 38-2018 Celeste Andrews
  • Muslims and US Politics Today Mohammad Hassan Khalid
  • Famine Relief in War Logged China Pierre Fuller
  • Imaginative Mapping Nobuko Toyosawa
  • Regional Literature and Transmission of Culture Margaret B. Wan
  • The Paradox of Being Paul Andersen
  • Feeling the Past in Seventeenth Century China Xiaoqiao Ling
  • The Epic of Ram Tulsidas
  • The Praise of Anradi Vol. 2 Bharatchandra Raj
  • Theory of Gardens Jean-Marie Morel
  • The End of Middle East History and Other Conjectures
  • Al-Muwatta, The Royal, Moroccan Edition Malik B. Asas
  • Orthodox Passions  Maram Epstein
  • The History of Kings of Britain David W. Burchmore
  • Old English Lives of Saints  Julliet Mullins
  • Allegories of the Odyssey John Tzetles
  • The Virtues and Vices of Speech Giovanni Giovaiano Pontano
  • Lives of Milanese Tyrants  Pier Candido Decembrio
  • The History of Akbar Abril Fazl
  • Pious Fashion Elizabeth Bucer
  • Finding  Time Heather Bushey
  • Vatican 1 John O’Malley
  • Observation & Experiment Paul R. Rosenbaum
  • Living History of Rome J.C. Yardley
  • Appian Roman History Brian McGing
  • Canonical Mires
  • The Splendors and Miseries Confessions Zolas Monly
  • Caliphate of Man  Andrew F. March
  • Taky’s Revolt Vincent Brown
  • Battling Bella Leandra Ruth Zarnow
  • Magic and the Dignity of Man Brian P. Copenhover
  • Unbound Heather Bonsley
  • Ingenius Peter Gluckman
  • The Missing Course David Goobler
  • Contradiction and Utopia  John Danaber
  • Neptune’s Laboratory Antony Adler
  • The Quran
  • Physics for Poets
  • Landscape Graphics
  • Akan Symbols, Adinkra
  • Linguistics
  • Fluxus
  • Tacit Knowledge
  • The Constitution
  • Flowers for Algernon
  • I never Promised You a Rose Garden
  • Shadow of the Sun, Kapuscinski
  • Amy Tan
  • Ha Jin
  • Complex Knowledge Studies in Organizational Epistemology Haridimos Tsoukas
  • The Cross of Redemption Uncollected Writings James Baldwin  (Force Vitale notes)
  • Things Fall Apart, Chinua Achebe
  • Waiting for Godot, Samuel Beckett
  • China in 10 Words, Yu Hua
  • Chevkov Plays-Uncle Vanya …
  • The Tale of Genji, Murasaki Shikibu
  • A Workbook for Arguments A Complete Course in Critical Thinking
  • Fallacies and Argument Appraisal
  • Logical Fallacies
  • Fallacies of Logic
  • A Rule Book for Arguments Anthony Weston
  • Mastering Logical Fallacies, The Definitive Guide to Flawless Rhetoric and Bulletproof Logic Michael Withey
  • Logic Concise Introduction to Logic Patrick Hurley
  • Informal Logical Fallacies a Brief Guide Jacob Van Vleet
  • Concise Guide to Critical Thinking Lewis Vaungh
  • Historians Fallacies Toward a Logic of Historical Thought David Hackett Fischer
  • Logically Fallacious 300 Logical Fallacies Bo Bennett
  • The Thinking Tool Box, 35 Lessons to Build Your Reasoning Skills
  • Amazing Dr. Ransoms Bestiary of Adorable Fallacies Douglas Wilson
  • Roland Barthes
  • Irish Folktales Keats
  • The Lord of the Rings J.R.R. Tolkein
  • The Diary of a Young Girl  Anne Frank
  • The Hobbit R.R. Tolkein
  • East of Eden John Steinbeck
  • Mere Christianity C.S. Lewis
  • The Wonderful Wizard of Oz
  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin
  • Pooh Bear
  • Article: “Scholarly Voice, Avoiding Bias”
  • Pinocchio
  • Values: (Poor Bear, Gandhi, The Wizard of Oz, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Pinocchio, Dickins, OSHO)
  • Maugham Somerset
  • Santeria the Religion Gonzalez Wippler
  • Rituals, Spells of Santeria Migene Gonzalez-Wippler
  • Santeria Beginners Guide Riley Star
  • Santeria African magic in Latin America Migene Gonzalez Wippler
  • Lucumi The Ways of Santeria   Monique Joiner Siedlak
  • A Year In White Lynn Carr
  • Santeria Miguel A De La Torre
  • The Handbook of Yoruba Religious Concepts Baba Ifa Karade
  • Magical Power of the Saints Rev. Raz T. Malbrough
  • Tarot-The wisdom of the cards, Aleister Crowley Deck
  • Proverb various (mostly African and Chinese)

Does not include healing or culinary and very few exercise books.  Those are on separate lists.

Up to Snuff #126 Book List Alliterative Verse (Poetry)

Up to Snuff #126 Book list Alliterative Verse (Poetry)

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

 

William Langland-Allegorical Narrative Poem

Piers Plowman

Hildenbrand

Chaucer-Canterbury Tales

Sir Gawain and The Green Knight

Beowulf

Pearl

Alliterative Morte Arthure

St. Erkenwald

The Raven Edgar Allan Poe

Seafarers

The Rime of Ancient Mariner  Samuel Taylor

The Age of Anxiety W.H. Auden

The Three Dead Kings

Mum and the Sothsegger

Death be not proud

Songs for the Philologists

Sonnet 5

Sir Galahad

Up to Snuff #125: Book list literature, film and online

Up to Snuff #125:  Book list literature, film and online

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

The Poetry Handbook, John Lennard, OUP, 2005

Plato’s Republic

Tacit Learning

(Shakespearean references)

Petrarch

Edmund Spenser

Thomas Watson

Michael Drayton

Barnabe Barnes

Richard Linches

Sir Philip Sidney

Wild Strawberries (Film)

Kennedy, John, “A Confederacy of Dunces,” Louisiana State University Press, 1980, p. 1

Poe, Edgar Allan, “Tales of Mystery and Imagination,

Poe, Edgar Allan, “Fifty Stories for Boys,”

“The Complete Stories and Poems of Edgar Allan Poe.”

Quotidian Writer (online/Youtube)

The Bell Jar, Sylvia Plath

The Long Winter

Robinson Cruscoe, Daniel Defoe

Agatha Christie

Fiddler on the Roof

Brave New World

Handmaids Tale

Asimov

Plato

Design Thinking Odyssey

Alice Walker

Grapes of Wrath

A Thousand Splendid Suns

Things Fall Apart

East of Eden

Memoirs of a Geisha

Windup girl

Willa Cather-My Antonia

Challenger Deep, Neal Shusterman

Ha Jin

John Updike

Up to Snuff #124: Book list some admired

Up to Snuff #124:  Book list some admired

by, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

  • Plato
  • Edgar Allan Poe
  • William Shakespeare
  • Charles Dickens
  • Samuel Beckett
  • Somerset Maugham
  • Gustave Flaubert
  • Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Mahatma Gandhi
  • Karl Marx
  • Ha Jin
  • OSHO
  • Ryszard Kapuscinski
  • Ernest Hemingway
  • Design Thinking
  • James Baldwin
  • O. Wilson
  • Cultural Branding examples: (Arabian Nights, Wild Irish Rose, Don Quixote, Daphne DuMaurier)
  • Chaucer
  • Tertiary Sources and Resources
  • New York Times Op-Ed Writer
  • Frithjof Bergmann
  • Confucius
  • John Updike
  • Jack A. Hobbs & Robert L. Duncan
  • Pablo Neruda
  • Rumi
  • Thich Nat Hanh
  • Dalai Lama
  • Oscar Wilde
  • Deepak Chopra
  • Alice Walker
  • Voltaire
  • Balzac
  • Maupassant
  • AESOP
  • Lord David Cecil
  • Byron
  • Dylan Thomas
  • Hebrew
  • Christian
  • Jane Austen
  • Evelyn Waugh
  • Fyodor Dostoyevsky
  • Leo Tolstoy
  • Nikolai Gogol
  • Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
  • Breton
  • Ionesco
  • Sartre
  • Kant
  • Hegel
  • Franz Kafka
  • Franz Fanon
  • Albert Camus
  • Mary Wollencraft Shelly
  • Emily Bronte
  • Daniel Keyes
  • Zora Neale Hurston
  • Anais Nin
  • Maya Angelou
  • Hans Christian Andersen
  • S. Lewis
  • Carlos Casteneda
  • Gita
  • Koran
  • Andrew Loomis
  • Baudelaire
  • Nietzsche
  • Octavio Paz
  • Henry Miller
  • Danielle Steele
  • Hermann Hesse
  • Keats
  • Chinua Achebe
  • Francis Bebey
  • Mongo Beti
  • Audre Lorde
  • August Wilson
  • TS Eliot
  • Chekov
  • Noam Chomsky
  • Martin Heidegger
  • Aristotle
  • Euripides
  • Falun Gong
  • Jose Saramago
  • Rosario
  • J Spiro
  • Hugo von Hofmannsthal
  • Mathew Arnold
  • Yusef Komunyakaa
  • Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
  • Richard Powers
  • Ngugi wa Thiong’o
  • Michel Butor
  • Linda Hogan
  • Larry Woiwode
  • Jayne Anne Phillips
  • Vergil
  • Twentieth-Century British Drama, Patricia Marks
  • Spanish Drama since 1600’s Frank Casa
  • Sven Rossel Scandinavian Poetry
  • Russian Poetry Mitzi, Brunsdale
  • Renaissance Drama Jean-Pierre Barricelli
  • William Haggard
  • Leon Lewis Native America Short Fiction
  • Nobuko Toyosawa
  • Tulsidas
  • Jean-Marie Morel
  • Bharatchandra Raj
  • Margaret B. Wan
  • Paul Andersen
  • Malik B. Asas
  • Maram Epstein
  • David W. Burchmore
  • Juliet Mullins
  • John Tzetles
  • Giovanni Giovaiano Pontano
  • Abril Fazl
  • Observation & Experiment Paul R. Rosenbaum
  • Ingenius Peter Gluckman
  • John Danaber

 

 

Book Review: “New Work, New Culture” By Frithjof Bergmann

Book Review:  “New Work, New Culture” By, Frithjof Bergmann

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

Controversial and highly relevant Author Frithjof Bergmann just released his seminal book “New Work, New Culture” which was translated from German.  Written in a very special, highly descriptive language where for example, the world is traveling full speed in a locomotive without its conductor.  Bergmann ignites his reader with the details about his role in early labor movement initiatives.  Bergmann partnered with a German university and many mega-companies to solve problems around the globe involving work.  His first book on the subject was written in regards to freedom, titled “On Being Free,” and includes some of his early insights about work.  PhD., and former Professor of Philosophy and Existentialism has detailed in “New Work, New Culture” a variety of innovative ideas meant to evolve the world’s most developing regions.   Bergmann presented the ideas of “High Tech Self Providing (HTSP),” mobile factories, dome architecture, and permaculture to name a few.  Bergmann cited the philosopher Hobbs and his work on the subject of morality.  In this highly valuable work, Bergmann proposed via a philosophical lens radical, however rational questions about the muscle and purpose of man and as Gandhi also proposed, doing what you really, really want to do.  The book’s byline is “work we want and a culture that strengthens us.” Bergmann questions whether or not work should exist for man, not man for work. The book “New Work, New Culture,” was published on “Zero Books,” a publisher that appears to include many other notable, if not radical, authors relating to culture, society and politics and is now available on Amazon.com.

Up to Snuff #104: Harvard Press Book List #1

Up to Snuff #104:  Harvard Press Book List #1

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

Proceeding the Harvard Celtic Colloquium 38-2018 Celeste Andrews

Muslims and US Politics Today Mohammad Hassan Khalil

Adams Family Correspondence Hobson Woodward

Famine Relief in War Logged China Pierre Fuller

Latina Vote

Powers of the Real Cinema Gender & Emotion in Interview with Japan Diane Wei Lewis

Imaginative Mapping Nobuko Toyosawa

Regional Literature and Transmission of Culture Margaret B. Wan

The Paradox of Being Paul Andersen

Feeling the Past in Seventeenth Century China Xiaoqiao Ling

The Epic of Ram Tulsidas

The Praise of Anradi Vol. 2 Bharatchandra Raj

Theory of Gardens Jean-Marie Morel

The End of Middle East History and Other Conjectures

Al-Muwatta, The Royal, Moroccan Edition Malik B. Asas

Orthodox Passions  Maram Epstein

The History of Kings of Britain David W. Burchmore

Old English Lives of Saints  Julliet Mullins

Allegories of the Odyssey John Tzetles

The Virtues and Vices of Speech Giovanni Giovaiano Pontano

Lives of Milanese Tyrants  Pier Candido Decembrio

The History of Akbar Abril Fazl

Pious Fashion Elizabeth Bucer

Finding  Time Heather Bushey

Vatican 1 John O’Malley

Observation & Experiment Paul R. Rosenbaum

Living History of Rome J.C. Yardley

Appian Roman History Brian McGing

Canonical Mires

The Splendors and Miseries Confessions Zolas Monly

Caliphate of Man  Andrew F. March

Takys Revolt Vincent Brown

Battling Bella Leandra Ruth Zarnow

Magic and the Dignity of Man Brian P. Copenhover

Unbound Heather Bonsley

Ingenius Peter Gluckman

The Missing Course David Goobler

Contradiction and Utopia  John Danaber

Neptune’s Laboratory Antony Adler

Marxism influenced the labor movement and gave rise to labor unions

Marxism influenced the labor movement and gave rise to labor unions

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

Karl Marx, German Philosopher (5 May 1818-14 March 1883) offered in “Das Kapital 1,2,3” and “The Communist Manifesto,” an economic worldview via the use of political, social and economic “critique.” “Critique” by Marx became a means of observation and questioning, in this case, social questions.  The main crux of Marx’s argument had to do with how class struggles elicit social change and inevitably overthrows capitalism and subsequently the ruling class or “bourgeoisie.”  Marx’s “ideological writings” such as “Das Kapital 1,2, & 3” and “The Communist Manifesto” propagandize, lead to movements, frame  and provide ideas from which a movement can evolve “ideologically.”  Key Marx concepts like the use of the “left” or Communism or Socialist or capitalism or labor or class struggle or bourgeoisie or Proletariat were incendiary and gave rise to militancy.  The disciples were those who adopted Communism or Socialism and became the key drivers of labor movements that formed unions in the twentieth century.    Around the turn of the twentieth century, Marxist ideas influenced the goals of the labor movement and gave rise to its subsequent labor unions by way of its militant minority.

The bourgeoisie according to Marx’s “The Communist Manifesto” are “untenable and destined to fall.”  The companion and enabler of the bourgeoisie  was the “Proletariat,” whose nomenclature suggests an obedience word “pro-let,” or a professional renter or personage for hire “pro-let,” where ..tariat could suggest torn apparel or tare suggestive of weight or worth weight in gold or a professional renter, who is without property.  Needless to say, the word is infused with working-class description and suggestive of this personage or group who lives so far as his self- sale permits it.  “The Communist Manifesto,” details it, “Development of a class of laborers who live only so long as they find work and who find work only so long as their labor increases capital.” The last lines in “The Communist Manifesto” claim that “The Proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains.  Working men of all countries unite!”  Marx’s audience, therefore, became the working class and his mission in their regards was to overthrow diverse established regimes of ruling class in favor of a Socialist model which was meant to replace capitalism. Who became this ignited group of organizers was thought to emanate from The Communist Party in search of working-class revolutions or Socialists who were also meant to replace capitalists.

According to Micah Uetricht, in her seminal article which details the rise of the unions, “U.S. Union Revitalization and the Missing “Militant Minority,”” in the “Labor Studies Journal,” “Militant minorities were radical leftists with a commitment to militant unionism and were the hardest fighters, dedicated organizers, and built union cultures of solidarity.” Within the context of the Great Depression, New Deal Era, World War II, the Bolsheviks, the Civil Rights Movement and post emancipation-activism during this period of the 20th century was strong, forceful, successful and enduring.  According to Uetricht, unions during this period were building “worker power,” and during the “60’s and 70’s public sector workers walked off jobs in mass illegal strikes.”  Unions were beginning to map a movement.  They used campaign strategies and paid for candidates to represent workers.  Uetricht states that unions “made political fixes using politicians for minimum wage hikes.”  It was a period where employment relations were stirred and workers connected to management.  According to Anam Ullah, there were “worldwide labor problems” and “those arguing from a radical perspective draw principally from the work of Karl Marx.” (Ullah, pg. 36) Archer shared this point and cited in his paper on “The State and its Unions,” “(His) approach can be seen as an early example of the new institutionalism then emerging as a response or development of neo-Marxian class theories.” (Archer, 201)

Socialists were thought to look at abolition in “The Communist Manifesto,” and improve conditions for all, even the most favored. (Marx, 52) Brewer goes on to describe how “’collective action’ achieves a genuine socialist society.” (Brewer, 93) Brewer describes the evolution of socialism “Slavery was just in a slave society and unjust in a capitalist society.  Exploitation is just in a capitalist society, but unjust in a socialist society.” (Brewer, 92) People began to utilize “’Social Science’ according to Brewer as a process by which to see inequality as exploitive.”(Brewer, 91)  Social science was used for small experiments and to write social laws and was thought to be miraculous.  Unions were dreaming of experimental realization of social utopias as was suggested by Marx’s “The Communist Manifesto.”

Unions were trying to address capitalism wrote Brewer, where capitalism, “gets something for nothing or much for little, at the expense of others.” (Brewer, 92)  Brewer wrote about “forced domination or unequal power as the precondition of and consequence of exploitation which was a feature of advanced capitalism.” (Brewer, 91) Pamphlets were distributed by Marx and others and were highlighted in “The Communist Manifesto” as “the enlightenment of the working class.” (Marx, 53) Brewer stated that “collective action eliminates exploitation.” (Brewer, 92)  “Early institutional relations evolved and conditioned union identity, which was in the end the blue print for advancing interests through the unions.”(Gall, 146) Actions like worker representation, resistance to management and collective bargaining preserved jobs and enabled change.  Marx described a torn aristocracy in “The Communist Manifesto,” and “how aristocracy was meant to lose sight of its own interests and adopt the interests of the working class.”

A consequence of the labor unions that Marx may have inspired, were according to (Jun Chen, et al., 775) that “we found that labor unionization is negatively associated with stock price crash risk. However, Chen went on to prove in her paper that “labor unions are able to lower the probability of stock price crash risk by reducing managerial risk-taking behaviors.” (Jun  Chen, et al., 775).  Additionally, many labor unions were said to “use political power to improve profits and reduce competition through regulating capture of government agencies and by lobbying for favorable legislation and government contracts and decisions.” (Jared Stanfield, 1101)  Jake Rosenfeld illustrated how “Rod Blagovich signed an executive order granting collective bargaining rights to nearly 50,000 childcare workers after a multiyear lobbying campaign by the SEIU (Service Employees International Union) backed Blagovich’s 2002 Gubernational bid with manpower and financial resources for congressional Democratic  efforts.” (Jake Rosenfeld, 31)  Apparently, to get things passed, unions ascertained how to get leaders on their side.  Legal enactments became imperative when “wages weren’t in keeping with inflation or when the government felt that wages were rising faster than the rate of inflation.” (Williams P. James, 166).  James highlighted how collective bargaining “allowed unions to distort Democracy and public employees had more influence over elected officials than other citizens.”

Marxian theories influenced the direction of the labor movement which led to union organizing in America in the 20th century.  Ideas around class struggle interpreted by Marxist critique as Bourgeoisie and Proletariat illustrated a problematic capitalism destine for social change.  Marxian ideas were said to inspire social change and led a generation to Communism and Socialism.  The particular generation led to Communism and Socialism was thought to form a militant minority who went on to organize unions within the 20th century labor movement.

Bibliography

Archer, Robin. The state and its unions:  Reassessing the antecedents, development and consequences of new deal labor law. Labor History. May 2013, Vol. 54 Issue 2, p201-207. 7p

Brewer, John. Exploitation is the new Marxism of collective action. The Sociological Review, Vol 35(1), Feb, 1987 pp. 84-96, Routledge & Kegan Paul

Chen, Jun; Tong, Jamie Y.; Wang, Wenming; Zang, Feida. The economic consequences of labor unionization:  Evidence from stock price crash risk. Journal of Business Ethics. Jul2019, Vol. 157 Issue 3, p775-796, 22p

Gall, Gregor. Richard Hyman:  An assessment of his industrial relations: A Marxist introduction. Capital & Class. Mar2012, Vol. 36 Issue 1, p135-149. 15p

Marx, Karl. Capital Vol. 1,2 &3 (Das Kapital Vol. 1,2 & 3), Lexington, Kentucky. Stief Books, July 2019

Marx, Karl; Engels, Freidrich. The Communist Manifesto.  Lexington, Kentucky. Brandywine Studio Press. 1888.

Rosenfeld, Jake. What unions no longer do. Cambridge, Massachusetts:  Harvard University Press, 2014. Ebook

Stanfield, Jared; Tumarkin, Robert. Does the political power of nonfinancial stakeholders affect frim values?  Evidence from labor unions. Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, June 2018, v.53 iss.3, pp. 1101-33

Uetricht, Micah; Eidlin, Barry. U.S. union revitalization and the missing “militant minority”. Labor Studies Journal. March2019, Vol.44 Issue 1, p36-59. 24p.

Ullah, Anam.  Is Marxism still valid in industrial relations?. Middle East Journal of Business. Jan 2016, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p31-36. 6p

 

Up to Snuff #99: Writing as Development

Up to Snuff #99:  Writing as Development

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

Writing can be perhaps best utilized as “development.”  Writing can develop countries or cultures as in the cases of “Arabian Nights,” or “Wild Irish Rose,” that were used to develop the Arabs and Irish respectively.  Writing can be used to develop cultural branding or build the imagination of their readers as with books such as Charlotte Bronte’s “Jane Eyre,” or Emily Bronte’s, “Wuthering Heights.”  Books elicit ideas and personalities form around them.

When making a book list for a reader one notes that she may develop their knowledge, teach them lessons, develop their values, develop their conversation and develop their personality as if by prescription.

Needless to say, when seeking development in general, one may pursue a literary strategy, whether it is to develop a person or a country or a company or a field of knowledge or a campaign.  Should one embark on the development of the arts or of writing itself or economic development for a people, a literary pursuit may be appropriate.  Some of the best developed presidential campaigns began with books.

Things may write into existence.  Another way of looking at development may be looking at the individual development of great fiction.  When writing a great book of fiction one may research words, research language, research setting, document scenes from life experience for liveliness, research, research, research and on and on to write a perfected book by putting all in.  The books result may be a development of the imagination for example and the books start may also be a kind of thorough development of research, ideas and descriptions.

Perhaps how well the book develops a person, place or thing correlates to its longevity or rate of success.  How well was it developed and what did it develop?  Perhaps the writer set out to teach you to be rich?  Perhaps the writer is developing naturalists or passionate types or maturation.

A writer may set out to develop a political party, then develop the political party’s leaders, movements, speeches and campaigns.  Power, in the end, is in development.  One may view it as teachings or wise guide, or a kind of personal triumph that graduates an individual from perhaps complacent to passionate.  One may cultivate beauty or work on big societal ideas and be consciously guided to make improvements.

Based on Harvard’s Press, many Harvard business students generate start-up capital with their initial enterprise as a literary pursuit.  One woman wished to generate capital to end homelessness by documenting it in detail in a literary format to use proceeds to generate power to foster change to oppressive conditions in failed economies.  Books, in the end, can develop both ideas and financing for ideas.

The first rung on a successful ladder may be a literary rung.  One may utilize writing to look through a variety of lenses whether they are social, socio-economic, political, cultural, etc.  By looking through many lenses one may view a variety of perspectives and come to develop historical writing or world view or generate accurate documentation around a world event.  Writing may come to develop an idea about an event that inevitably replaces the event.

If one were to pursue a “power to the people!” strategy, perhaps development goals would serve.  A writer may choose to develop her people’s personalities, their inspiration, knowledgebase, their maturity, their history, their love ability, their culinary.   Literary development becomes a real and tangible “power to the people!”

Stay tuned for forthcoming book “Up to Snuff,” By Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu due out in 2020.

Up to Snuff #98: Cambridge Companion Starter Book List

Up to Snuff #98:  Cambridge Companion Starter Book List

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

“Cambridge Companions  are a series of accessible thought guides written by leading experts offering lively introductions to major writers, artists, philosophers, topics and periods.” (www.cambridge.org)

All books are preceded by the prefix “The Cambridge Companion to:”

Sappho

Singing

D.H. Lawrence

Charles Dickens

Brass Instruments

Travel Writing

Chekhov

Walt Whitman

Conducting

Nathaniel Hawthorne

Joseph Conrad

Chomsky

Crime Fiction

George Orwell

Baudelaire

Henry David Thoreau

Latin American Novel

Existentialism

Creative Writing

Literature and Disability

Latina American Literature

American Gay and Lesbian Literature

Tennessee Williams

Oscar Wilde

The Writings of Julius Caesar

Literature of the American West

Reminiscences of Rose Bonheur

Life and Letters of Hannah E. Pipe

The Principle of Comparative Philogy (Dept. Linguistics)

The Abbot’s House at Westminster

Abeokuta and the Camaroons Mountains (Richard Francis Burton)

Aborigines of Tasmania

Aborigines of Victorias

The Gardeners Dictionary

Abstracts of the Chartularies of the Priory of Monkbretton

L’Astronomie Chinoise

Asa Gray

A Treatise of the Eternal Chemical & Physical Characters of Minerals

Body and Mind (History of Medicine)

Chaucer

A Budget of Paradoxes (Mathematics)

Pushkin

Francis of Assisi

T.S. Eliot

Richard Wright

Sayyid Ahmed Khan

Harpsichord

Narrative Theory

Jung

Hegel

Quran

Keats

Byron

Samuel Beckett

Kant

Freud

Kafka

W.B. Yeats

Jesus

Organ

Rabelais