An Approach to Art Making #2

An Approach to Art Making #2

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

Art could be divided into groups such as:  supply, craft and manufacturing artist.

Supply relates to those things derivative of materials and supplies that could be purchased, for example, from an art supply store.  A good example of a supply oriented art work may be one that incorporates nibs, brushes and ink like Oriental Paintings or Bonsai garden paintings with fan brushes or outdoor art stations.

Craft may be things oriented to craftsmanship, from an artisan or may even be home spun. Examples may be things like burning into leathers, making candles, or a bricklayers training in tile, marble and terrazzo and making monuments or perhaps building engraved picture frames, cake decoration, or making clay monsters, or a holiday decoration or a cut out turkey made of paper or maybe some type of whittler.

A Manufacturing Artist may make sophisticated art works in a studio or factory based environment inclusive of sculptural works or electronic works or even professional frescoes via fresco printers and architectural works or installations or programmatic/technological works, or even the museum itself and mostly extremely fine art and almost all high art.

Culture is another distinct road in approaches to art making.  Dedication to culture may inspire one to develop a culture or work on a subculture.  An artist may become concerned with cultural branding or contributing an aspect of art or art practice that develops their communities culture.  A cultural offering may set the tone for a business or enterprise or an organization, branding it and guiding its organizational epistemology or setting the tone for employees.

High art practice is often engaged in a curatorial based art making where a group of artists may utilize the same photo to curate a group exhibition.  The photos are sometimes based on iconic imagery or indicative of an era.  Groups of artists and curators may form a temporary or permanent collective group.

What a scholar might find really riveting, that is perhaps buried now is the initial use or heading of “The Arts” that was inclusive of science etc.  In the early days of education, there were three subject’s religion, the arts and medicine.

Use of acronyms in art can be a way of “big talking” -small or formulaic. Acronyms like “HISS” that means “highlight, spotlight and showcase” become important or acronyms like “Quepine” that means “Question, Proverb and News” can be used for art making.

Black Magic is also indicative of a kind of wielding or wizardry or technology use or logic. Black magic use can be something like programming things with thoughts by thinking over them, or digging holes or making connections between objects or talking to things or taking readings or working with numbers like 81 as Magic and Flight where you see in the eight a Spider and the one, a wing.  Black Magic brings as James Baldwin coined it, “force vitale,” to art among other things much like the Chinese technique of calling “chi” or soul or “charming,” or animating like placing eyes on something.

One may draw a right angle with a diagonal cross thread through to create an art technique using perhaps era or time. It’s possible to grid or work on a time-based series using a right angle quick method.

“Era and Charm,” incorporates a black magic technique and has been very successful for making things like teapots.

Another interesting technique used by artists is “what does that make you think of?”  This technique has to do with when you ask continuous questions of yourself or someone else leading to a trail of words away from a root word.  For example, if I said I have an apple, what does that make you think of?  You said red, and then I said what does red make you think of?  You said blood etc. and on and on and connected the trail back to apple to ascertain some unique, hidden, connected or passive meaning.  With this dialogue, one would begin to build their artworks from a kind of “art game playing.”

Another breakthrough in technology that has gotten into art is “the feed.”  The feed has to do with when you send through a host, an agent or program.  The feed can be music or emotion etc. Feeds or programs are particularly interesting in textile printing where a print may be made distinct when it is impacted by a program and made, for example, exciting or sensual, animated or dotted.

Perhaps a breakthrough in approaches to art making is the “eclectic gallery district” or the placement of art or the combining of supply, craft, manufacturing art etc.  All the usual pomp of art but inclusive of perhaps a “home sweet home sign maker” or portrait district or maker galleries or antiques or fiber arts or a variety of textile galleries-eclecticism in art may also be a mainstay. Eclecticism in art may create a greater ability of “treasure trove” and individuality within the home or arts final destination.

Really ultimately what makes or can make a really good fine artist is lots and lots of programs, lots and lots of technology. Artech can be many things including sound technologies or opera voice pieces, or holograph technology or film modulation technology etc.

Up to Snuff #41: Book List Ancient to Modern Literature and Philosophy

Up to Snuff #41:  Book List Ancient to Modern Literature and Philosophy

Epic of Gilgamesh

Code of Hammurabi
















Lucretius and Cicero






Blaise Pascal



Newton’s Principia





Diderot:  Encyclopedia of Sciences, Arts & Trades


Code Justinian

Song of Roland

Anselm and Abelard

De contempt mundi

The Song of Brother Sun

Thomas Aquinas




Wycliffe’s Translation of the Bible


John Colet

Thomas More


St. Ignatius Loyola



Comte: Positivism

Mill:  Utilitarianism




Darwin:  Origin of Species

Marx:  Das Kapital
























Hobbs, Jack A. & Duncan, Robert L., Arts, Ideas and Civilization, Second Edition, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice Hall, 1992



The Big Designers #1

The Big Designers

By, Afua Osei-Bonsu

The big designers in life very well may be three things 1)necessity, 2)war and 3)just because we could.

“Necessity” it has been said was utilized by Chinese manufacturers and marked the focus of early eras in design and engineering. Underneath the helm of “necessity” most of design falls out.

“War” is another design pioneer that inspires a lot of technologies and teachings.

The third big designer is “just because we could,” that has to do with things like dinosaurs that apparently may have been whimsy of early scientists and according to one scientist, dinosaurs may still be existence on some far off planets.

Still other things in life become big designers such as those things that shape us and inspire change. Perhaps big designers  4) are the “shapers,” like policy, taxation systems, popular culture,  politics, poverty, education etc.

Moving on to the current century with most of necessity completely in existence, a new big designer may be #5) “Secondary Concept” where you make a dress from for example  a sugar bowl, which becomes the secondary design when you look in a former design-in and around it and using deconstruction.

Another big designer is the constant drive to evolve, #6 is evolution.  Evolution inspired most of innovation.  The notch and notch way that one inches upwards using research and development creates innovation formulas and new propelling designs.  With every technology it is as if, we can now achieve this xyz therefore the following must also be possible, and the designer takes a step, then still another step connecting all the dots.  If one can fly, they can place the star on top of the giant tree, if one can vapor they may perform a heart transplant without incision.

Of course we design and redesign necessity in a constant.




The Unmoved Mover

The Unmoved Mover

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

In Istvan Bodnar’s, “Aristotle’s Natural Philosophy,” the unmoved mover refers to celestial bodies and the long debate that was upon early thinkers such as Plato and Aristotle in terms of their motion or revolution-what moves and what are agents of  their movement.   The unmoved mover describes a preoccupation of a specific time period that desired to decode the movements of planets and celestial bodies.  Aristotle went further than most, writing eight volumes of “Physics” books and another book “De Caelo” or “On the Heavens.”  Bodnar’s examination of Aristotle cited the “suns motion along an elliptic course,.. sublunary changes and rotating seasons.”  The unmoved mover is said to be a “supra physical entity,” and serve as the “efficient cause of the motions of the Universe.”  The unmoved mover could in fact be suggestive of a “super computer” as the “supra physical entity” that keeps all in rotation.  Bodnar’s essay says there is no “accidental mover.” Perhaps a good theory would be around a spaceship model, a super computer, and nuclear energy.


(All quotes extracted from the below essay)

Bodnar, Istvan, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2012 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), .



Intelligent Design vs. Natural Selection and Evolution Theories

Intelligent Design versus Natural Selection and Evolution Theories

By Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

Arguments around “intelligent design” describe it as that which is directed, intuitive,  rationalist  and contrary to natural selection which is a subheading under the academic discipline of biology, and under evolutionary biology, is empiricist and engaging with the scientific method.  The debate over evolution also has to do with what methods will be chosen to “write about life” and contrary to what has been said there is plenty of evidence to support evolutionary theory.

Many agree with Darwin on “how new things originate.” The study of evolution is considered a “central unifying concept in biology.” Darwin’s “Theory of Evolution and Natural Selection” were historic contributions to evolutionary theory.  Science was later able to use evolution for gene therapies.

Biology was described to divide into four groups that include 1) biological organization from molecular to cell organization to population, 2) Taxonomic group which includes fields in zoology, all animals, ornithology (birds), herpetology (reptiles and amphibians), 3) Theoretical biology and 4) experimental evolution .

Evolutionary biology emerged as an academic discipline in the 1930’s.  Biology has departments such as molecular and cell biology, ecology, evolutionary biology which were said to have replaced botany and zoology.  There are examples given of statistician, Ronald Fisher 1890-1962, who it is believed to have helped form modern evolutionary synthesis of Mendelian genetics and natural selection.

JBS Haldone 1892-1964 helped create the field of population genetics. Using the Scientific Method one learns how to observe, how to experiment or how to calculateMethod is from the Greek “methodos” and as to do with the “pursuit of knowledge” or a way of inquiry or a way of pursuit.  “Method has to do with a way of doing in accordance with a plan.”

Evidence of science journals support evolution’s claim as an “academic field” are:  “Genome Biology & Evolution,” “Molecular Ecology,” “Proceedings of the Royal Society of London,” “The American Naturalist,” “Theoretical Population Biology,” “Trends in Ecology & Evolution,” “Annual Review of Ecology,” “Evolution and Systematics,””Genetics and PLos Genetics.”

Further expanding on evolution as a subtitle under biology which has the following sub categories:  artificial selection, comparative anatomy, computational phylogenetics, evolutionary computation, evolutionary dynamics, evolutionary neuroscience, evolutionary physiology, evolutionary psychology, genetics, the origin of species, phylogenetic comparative methods, quantitative genetics, selective breeding.

An argument for empiricism and evolution is justified as using the “scientific method” within evolution subtitles such as “quantitative genetics,” or while operating under the academic discipline of biology.  The determination of evolution has to do with investigation and developmental processes which compares them and different organisms.  “Life History Theory,” suggests that evolutionary approach is key to “current research in organismal biology and ecology.”

“Annotation of genes and their function relies heavily on comparative evolutionary approaches.”

Evidence of field is included in science Journals such as:  “Journal of Evolutionary Biology,” “BMC Evolutionary Biology,” Sub categories: “Systematic Biology,” “Molecular Biology,” “Molecular Biology & Evolution.”

Evolutionary forces include:  1) natural selection, 2) sexual selection,3) genetic drift, 4) genetic draft, 5) developmental constraints, 6) bias, 7) bio geography.

There are many evolutionary theories including the “theory of molecular evolution.”  “Biologists try to infer which genes have been under strong selection by detecting selective sweeps.”

One possible hypothesis was that “evolutionary research try to explain phenomena that were poorly accounted for in modern evolutionary synthesis.”  The idea was for biologists to ask “what happened and when,” have methods and draw conclusions.

Another key term coined was for “genetic architecture” that is concerned with 1) adaptation and 2) speciation.

“What happened and when” uses “palaeobiology, systematics and phylogenetics.” “Evolution was largely concerned with genetics and what do genes do and changes that happen to genes, how many genes and at what point is mutation or gene duplication or genome duplication?”

Hereditability was another concept that used the genome and performed wide association studies. Evolution studies uses DNA data sequencing and applies it to evolution theory. 

ID or Intelligent Design was a way of interpreting data. 

Scientific arguments were often litigated and not based on assumptuous claims, but “conclusions arrival and vast evidence.”

“Designed for life” or “just right for life” or “how biology confirms our intuition that life is designed,” by Douglas Fox.  Or rather “how new things originate or origins theory or with intelligent causation.”

“The Scientific Method is the process by which scientists collectively and over time endeavor to construct a non arbitrary representation of the world.” The Scientific Method uses a non-biased or non-prejudiced methods to portray versions of the world.

It was stated that “evolutionary biology is a subfield of biology that studies the evolutionary processes that produced the diversity of life on earth…these processes include natural selection, common descent and speciation.”

Method itself in this case is also compelling when looking at the  examples of the teaching of languages  (Immersion Method), Pedagogy in general, Suzuki violin, architecture which may utilize various strategies including renderings and plans.  There are methods for presenting research and methods for writing papers.  Consult books like “Technical and Professional Writing,” or “Technical Communication” by Mark Markel which frames many methods for a variety of specific professional writings.