Up to Snuff #45: Crime Fiction or the Detective Novel and Theory of Probability, How Mathematics May have been a Catalyst By Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

 

Up to Snuff #45:  Crime Fiction or the Detective Novel and Theory of Probability, How Mathematics May Have Been a Catalyst

By Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

Perhaps it was the inclusion of local events that made detective novels popular to the masses.  In “Crime Fiction’s” Chapter 3 it says, “Juxtaposing fragmented selections of events from the contemporary world (became) a form of amusement for the mass public.”  (Priestman, Crime Fiction, page 41)  It may have also been the inclusion of social phenomenon outside the norm like “Experiences of a Lady Detective” in fields where women were just beginning to enter after World War I which may have been radical and was cited as written anonymously.  It was also likely very exciting the inclusion of contemporary science and technology in Arthur B. Reeves or in L.T. Meade’s “Stories from the Diary of a Doctor,” or perhaps naturalist works which were found in Arnold Bennett, HG Wells and Arthur Morrison’s “A Child of the Jago.”   What often occurred in detective novels was a pulling of events from newspapers which could create a stir when literary parallels current events.  The use of the detective short story in magazines likely also contributed to its mass popularity.

Feeding from the media and current events can be interesting.  How current events or items in the news get reinvented. In the art world especially, African Art, alot gets pulled from the media to work on when researching the human condition.  When you pull from the news in art you can get historical works.  The chronology at the front of, “The Cambridge Companion to Crime Fiction,” was really great in tying in world events with literary events that sprouted soon after.  The bibliographies, bios, and chronology are really fantastic to peruse and spend a great deal of time on them-it was nice to see “these elements” and utilize them to better one’s own writing and research.

In “Murder of the Rue Morgue” by Edgar Allan Poe, early imagery about games leads one to think about the “eliminations” as in chess within investigations or what was described later as the “Theory of Probabilities.” Poe wrote that, “Coincidences, in general are great stumbling blocks in the way of the class of thinkers who have been educated to know nothing of the Theory of Probabilities-that theory to which the most glorious objects of human research are indebted for the most glorious of illustration.” (Poe, The Murders in the Rue Morgue, page 25) Theory of Probabilities may have been the actual foundation for detective, mystery and crime based fiction as well as many “games” (Chess etc.) that were emerging that may have been based on the pioneering “Murders of the Rue Morgue” publication in 1841, one of the first, or vice a versa. Writers may have become enchanted with deduction as means of exaltation. There may have been subtle clues like the use of what appeared to be a vintage spelling of clue, “clew,” that was claw like.  There was also the name “Moreau” that suggested “more water” which could have led one to a sailor or having a water relation.  Perhaps the sailor was an “assailant” and clearly evident was an adjacent assailant with a claw. The actual use of the word assailant later on may have paid homage to Poe, as a pioneer or perhaps the initiator of this genre.  The use of mockery by an ourang-outang of the sailor with a razor was interesting and perhaps Darwinian.  The choice of passive killer was interesting as well as the birth imagery via the “thrusting up a chimney head downward.” The language around the “united vigor of several persons” was beautiful. (Poe, The Murders in the Rue Morgue, Pg. 25)   In Poe’s Murder of the Rue Morgue, there were undertones that could impact foreign affairs; there was almost a theory of man, his birth, his war and his evolution.

Perhaps it was in fact the unity in scholarship that paralleled mathematics to mystery when using the deductive processes like for example an algebraic equation and “solve for x.” Many early writers were in fact scholars and mathematics was in its prime.  Areas in mathematics that could relate to the advent of detective novels were finite math, probability and statistics, and algebra.  Detective novels were likely also made popular by the male macho that enjoys exaltation and may find pleasure in the suspense or the chase.

 

Priestman, Martin, The Cambridge Companion to Crime Fiction, Cambridge University Press, 2004

Poe, Edgar Allan, “The Murders in the Rue Morgue,” Classic Crime Stories, Edited by James Daley, Dover Publications, 2007, Pg. 1-34

 

 

 

An Approach to Art Making #2

An Approach to Art Making #2

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

Art could be divided into groups such as:  supply, craft and manufacturing artist.

Supply relates to those things derivative of materials and supplies that could be purchased, for example, from an art supply store.  A good example of a supply oriented art work may be one that incorporates nibs, brushes and ink like Oriental Paintings or Bonsai garden paintings with fan brushes or outdoor art stations.

Craft may be things oriented to craftsmanship, from an artisan or may even be home spun. Examples may be things like burning into leathers, making candles, or a bricklayers training in tile, marble and terrazzo and making monuments or perhaps building engraved picture frames, cake decoration, or making clay monsters, or a holiday decoration or a cut out turkey made of paper or maybe some type of whittler.

A Manufacturing Artist may make sophisticated art works in a studio or factory based environment inclusive of sculptural works or electronic works or even professional frescoes via fresco printers and architectural works or installations or programmatic/technological works, or even the museum itself and mostly extremely fine art and almost all high art.

Culture is another distinct road in approaches to art making.  Dedication to culture may inspire one to develop a culture or work on a subculture.  An artist may become concerned with cultural branding or contributing an aspect of art or art practice that develops their communities culture.  A cultural offering may set the tone for a business or enterprise or an organization, branding it and guiding its organizational epistemology or setting the tone for employees.

High art practice is often engaged in a curatorial based art making where a group of artists may utilize the same photo to curate a group exhibition.  The photos are sometimes based on iconic imagery or indicative of an era.  Groups of artists and curators may form a temporary or permanent collective group.

What a scholar might find really riveting, that is perhaps buried now is the initial use or heading of “The Arts” that was inclusive of science etc.  In the early days of education there were three subject’s religion, the arts and medicine.

Use of acronyms in art can be a way of “big talking” -small or formulaic. Acronyms like “HISS” that means “highlight, spotlight and showcase” become important or acronyms like “Quepine” that means “Question, Proverb and News” can be used for art making.

Black Magic is also indicative of a kind of wielding or wizardry or technology use or logic. Black magic use can be something like programming things with thoughts by thinking over them, or digging holes or making connections between objects or talking to things or taking readings or working with numbers like 81 as Magic and Flight where you see in the eight a Spider and the one, a wing.  Black Magic brings as James Baldwin coined it, “force vitale,” to art among other things much like the Chinese technique of calling “chi” or soul or “charming,” or animating like placing eyes on something.

One may draw a right angle with a diagonal cross thread through to create an art technique using perhaps era or time.Its possible to grid or work on a time based series using a right angle quick method.

“Era and Charm,” incorporates a black magic technique and has been very successful for making things like teapots.

Another interesting technique used by artists is “what does that make you think of?”  This technique has to do with when you ask continuous questions of yourself or someone else leading to a trail of words away from a root word.  For example if I said I have an apple, what does that make you think of?  You said red, and then I said what does red make you think of?  You said blood etc. and on and on and connected the trail back to apple to ascertain some unique, hidden, connected or passive meaning.  With this dialog one would begin to build their art works from a kind of “art game playing.”

Another breakthrough in technology that has gotten into art is “the feed.”  The feed has to do with when you send through a host, an agent or program that could be music or an emotion etc. Feeds or programs are particularly interesting in textile printing where a print may be made distinct when it is impacted by a program and made for example exciting or sensual, animated or dotted.

Perhaps a breakthrough in approaches to art making is the “eclectic gallery district,”or the placement of art or the combining of supply, craft, manufacturing art etc.  All the usual pomp of art but inclusive of perhaps a “home sweet home sign maker” or portrait district or maker galleries or antiques or fiber arts or a variety of textile galleries-eclecticism in art may also be a mainstay. Eclecticism in art may create greater ability of “treasure trove,” and individuality within the home or arts final destination.

Really ultimately what makes or can make a really good fine artist is lots and lots of programs, lots and lots of technology. Artech can be many things including sound technologies or opera voice pieces, or holograph technology or film modulation technology etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What is the Turing Test as it relates to Artificial Intelligence?

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

“The Turing Test” was developed in 1954 by a Scientist named Alan Mathison Turing to understand via a conversational test whether or not a computer is thinking. [1] The challenge according Larry Crocket’s book “The Turing Test and The Frame Problem” may exist in the development of artificial intelligence and when differentiating between whether a computer has “genuine thinking or machine imitation thinking.”

Artificial Intelligence has been described loosely as “manufactured intelligence,” and further defined as “a branch of computer science dealing with the simulation of intelligent behavior in computers.”  Artificial intelligence is also defined as “The capability of a machine to imitate intelligent human behavior.”[2]

Goals of the Turing Test may have been “The Turing Machine.”  The “Turing Machine is a hypothetical computing machine that has an unlimited amount of information storage, was developed by A.M. Turing an English Mathematician in 1954.[3]

Other goals for artificial intelligence that were suggested by Crocket were, “further cognitive abilities and computational psychology.”[4]

Significant publications about the Turing Test are A.M. Turing’s 1954 original article, “Computing Machinery and Intelligence,” which is also included in A.R. Anderson’s 1964 Anthology “Mind’s and Machines.” [5]  Later the A.M Turing’s article was also included in the “Oxford Companion to the Mind.”

More recent publications that shed light on the subject of the Turing Test as it relates to artificial intelligence include books on the Ablex Series in Artificial Intelligence by Yorick Wilks such as  “Chess and Machine Intuition,” by George W. Atkinson, “A Connectionist Language Generator,” by Nigel Ward, “Computer Language and Vision Across the Pacific,” by Yorick Wilks, “Declarative Semantics of Logic Programming,” by Michael Gelfond and Vladimir Lifschitz.

[1] MLA (Modern Language Assoc.)
Crockett, Larry. The Turing Test and The Frame Problem : AI’s Mistaken Understanding Of Intelligence. Norwood, N.J.: Intellect Books, 1994. eBook Collection (EBSCOhost). Web. 29 Jan. 2017., Pg. 1

[2] Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, Eleventh Edition, Encyclopedia Britannica, 2012, pg. 70

[3] Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, Eleventh Edition, Encyclopedia Britannica, 2012, pg. 1358

[4] CROCKETT, L. The Turing Test and the Frame Problem : AI’s Mistaken Understanding of Intelligence. Norwood, N.J. : Intellect Books, 1994. (Ablex Series in Artificial Intelligence). ISBN: 9781567500301, Pg. 2.

[5] CROCKETT, L. The Turing Test and the Frame Problem : AI’s Mistaken Understanding of Intelligence. Norwood, N.J. : Intellect Books, 1994. (Ablex Series in Artificial Intelligence). ISBN: 9781567500301, Pg 1.

Spring and Summer Book List

Spring/Summer Book List

By Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

Falun Gong Writings

Drawing books

The Art of Teaching Art By Deborah Rockman

Visual Thinking  By Rudolf Arnheim

The Art of Responsive Drawing   By Nathan Goldstein

Keys to Drawing By Dodson

Herbarium Books on Trees and Lichens and Michigan Nature

Lake Living books (Hiking tips, Fishing)

Recipe books

Dictionary to read

Language work books

French books

Twi Books

Spanish books

Publish Songbooks

Piano music

Read Latin

Grammar

Style Manual

Bon Appetit

Chef Books

The Only Grant Writing Book You’ll Ever Need  Ellen Karsh

The Everything Fundraising Book

New Directions for Philanthropic Fundraising Small Non Profits Mary Louise Mussoline

Jossey Bass Series

www.josseybass.com

Idiots Guide to Grant Making

Journals

Barnard Journals

The Elements of Style By Strunk, W Jr

Nation of Nations:  A Narrative History of The American Republic By, J.W. Davidson

Racial and Ethnic Relations By  J.R. Feagin

International Relations  By J.S. Goldstein

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy  By Hirsch, Kett

A People and a Nation:  A History of The United States  By, M.B. Norton

The Politics of United States Foreign Policy  J. Rosati

Women and The American Experience by N. Woloch

Atlas of The World   Oxford University Press

The Heritage of World Civilizations By A.M. Craig

  1. Central Asia: The Challenges of Independence By B. Rumer

Modern Latin America, T. E. Skidmore

Macroeconomics:  Economic Growth, Fluctuations and Policy R.E. Papell Hall

Principles of Microeconomics, G. Mankiw

Public Policy in the United States:  At The Dawn of The Twenty First Century By M.E. Rushefsky

Economic Policy Beyond the Headlines G.P. Shultz

Psychology and Life R..J. Gerrig

Psychology  Gross J Gleitman

Fundamentals of Management  R.W. Griffin

Managing Across Cultures By S. Schneider

Employment Discrimination Law D.P. Twomey

The Dynamics of Mass Communication  J.R. Dominick

The Investigative Reporter’s Handbook:  A Guide to Documents, Databases and Techniques

New Writing and Reporting  and Reporting for Today’s Media  B.D. Itule

Kiss, Bow or Shake Hands  By, T. Morrison

Public Speaking:  Finding Your Voice Plus New My Communication Lab with Etext  M. Osborn

Intercultural Communications:  A Reader By, L.A. Samovar

The Longman Guide to Style and Writing on the Internet  M.C. sammons

New Perspectives on Computer Concepts   J.J. Parson

Meditation

Foreign Affairs

Foreign Policy

U.S. News and World Report

The Economist

The New York Times

The Washington Post

Los Angeles Times

The Wall Street Journal

Pimsleur

Chess

Piano Music and Study books

Communications

Press Releases

Graphic Design

Linguistics

One King’s Lane

Wealth Through Workshops

A Pattern Book By Ryan Molloy

Servant Leadership By Robert K. Greenleaf

Leader to Leader Journal Spring 2006

Situational Leadership Hershey Blanched

Kouzes & Posner Model of Transformational Leadership

Lynda.com

Fileshare.com

Textile and crafting books

Dictionaries of the World

Dying textiles books

Popcorn Cook book

HTML + CSS

Design and Build Websites by Jon duckett

Javascript + JQuery  Jon Duckett

Java Murach

Tailoring:  the Classic Guide to Sewing the Perfect Jacket By, Editors of CPi

Classic Tailoring Techniques for Menswear:  A Constructionn Guide

Tailoring (Singer Sewing Reference Library)

Illustrated Guide to Sewing: Tailorinng A Complete Course on Making a Professional Suit

Couture Sewing:  Tailoring Techniques By, Claire Shaeffer

The Complete Book of Tailoring  By, Adele P. Margolis

The Shirtmaking Workbook:  Pattern, Design, and construction Resources More than 100 pattern downloads for collars, cuffs & Plackets.

Photoshop CS6 Visual Quick Start Guide

 

 

 

 

 

Michigan’s Google Expansion and a General Google Update

Michigan’s Google Campus Expansion
Ann Arbor Median Income Predicted to Rise
By Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu
Staff Writer
This year in the 3rd or fourth quarter, according to Alex McDougal of the Ann Arbor News, expect to see a new Google campus at 2300 Traverwood Drive near University of Michigan’s North campus in Traverwood Business Park, just north of Plymouth Road in Ann Arbor. The new Google campus could impact Michigan’s 5.6% unemployment rate and Ann Arbor’s average median income of $25.58 or the median salary of $53,200 according to the Michigan Bureau of Labor Statistics.
An influx of high level technology jobs, such as the 400+ positions that formerly related to the “Adwords Advertising Program” and filled four floors in 137,000 square- foot of the Mckinley Towne Center in Downtown Ann Arbor will relocate to the campus and occupy two buildings, the first building built in 2000 and another under construction.
Veronica Grecu reported at Commercial Property Executive that “Google will break ground on an adjacent 73,000 square foot office space to be completed by the end of 2016 when the first employees start moving in.”
Currently, The Michigan Bureau of Labor Statistics lists number of jobs at 4,255,000 with 3,000 new jobs since last month and a high of 99,000 new jobs last year. Google was also reported by Crain’s Detroit to be opening new 96,000 square foot offices in Farmington Hills.
Google’s website advertised under a “Still a Student” tab scholarships, internships and positions that span the globe including an advertisement for a Software Developer Intern or Software Engineer Intern requiring a PHD. Interns were listed on the Google Website as having to “conceive & develop software applications to extend and improve on Google’s product offering.” Google offers internships to MBA students.
The Google workforce is divided into 3 key area: 1) Build cool stuff (Engineering and Design, Operations and Support, Product Management, Developer Relations and Technical Solutions), 2) Sell Cool Stuff (Sales and Account Management, Product and Customer Support, Partnerships and Sales Operations) and 3) Do Cool Stuff (Administrative and Business Strategy, Finance, Legal and Government Relations, Marketing & Communications, People Operations, Real Estate and Workplace Services, Social Impact).
A world class giant technology company, Google, has offices in North America, Latin America, Europe, Middle East & Africa, and Asia Pacific. Online Google states that, “we hail from all walks of life and speak dozens of languages, reflecting the global audience that we serve.”
Employee’s may be inspired by the jungle inspired lobby in Sydney Australia, the Mother’s Room in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the New Year’s Celebrations in Beijing China, the Pub Style Lounge in Dublin Ireland or Tatami Meeting Room in Tokyo, Japan. The company offers a variety of benefits including on site physicians and comprehensive health care, travel insurance and emergency insurance even for personal vacations, new parents get time off and extra pay to welcome newborns, Tuition Reimbursement and legal advice at no cost or at a generous group discount.
Google is characterized by, “our belief in the endless possibilities of the internet.” They provide a “variety of tools to help businesses of all kinds succeed on and off the web.”

Research on Ken Ing, Originator of “King”

Research on Ken Ing, Originator of “King”

A Breakdown of Royalty Designated by Ken Ing

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

Independent Syndicated Writer

1/30/2015

Within research about the Chinese Manufacturer Ken Ing, I found out that royalty relates to manufacturing. Ken Ing originated “King” as an acronym of his first and sir names. The “Ing” in King, relates to the Ing Dynasty. Ing can be found in English verbs and in the Spanish verb conjugation “ando” suggesting the doing and the doer. Ing relates to periods in manufacturing, work, and all action in terms of verbs. All Kings according to Ken Ing relate to excellence in manufacturing.

The term of King originated in about 1000 BC according to Ken Ing. He said he was the first King and the seconds were mythical literary devices created for actors such as King Arthur and King Lear from Shakespeare. There are now the Three Kings of The Middle East who are papal figures and have several royal descendants.

The Ing Dynasty went through several periods in manufacturing that were big in China. The first 14 out of more than 75 periods are described as follows:

  • Ing Dynasty (Drinks)
  • Hunan Dynasty (Breads)
  • Chen Dynasty (Chicken & Poultry)
  • Pan Dynasty (Pans)
  • Sem Dynasty (Pork)
  • Sem 2 Dynasty (Beef)
  • Sem 3 Dynasty (Lamb)
  • Sem 4 Dynasty (Fish)
  • Sem 5 Dynasty (Bologna & Lunch Meats)
  • Sem 6 Dynasty (Eggs)
  • Sem 7 Dynasty (Bacon)
  • Sem 8 Dynasty (Spreads)
  • Sem 9 Dynasty (Vegetables)
  • Sem 10 Dynasty (Fruits)

African culture was designed by The Chinese.  Chinese are an engineering and manufacturing culture that relate to the “chine” root or machine. Chinese, it has been said invented engineering.

Science Theory #1 Notes/Interview

Science Theory #1
AO: What does what?
LJ: What does what is deceiving
LJ: Definition of science: Elemental units measured in programs given direction via technology languages and digital platforms.
LJ: Science utilizes programs to manufacture products
LJ: Currently most culinary products are digitally grown
AO: What does what of programming?
LJ: Concentration or consolidation of programs could make a bomb or a spacecraft
AO: The programmed pill
LJ: Where to go? What to do? And for how long?
AO: The programmed shampoo
LJ: What to be? Where to go? What to do?
AO: The programmed culinary
LJ: What to be? where to go? how long to stay fresh?
“Programs of taste, flavor, preservative, appearance” LJ
“We are a programmed thing that also eats programs” LJ
“Even fruits and vegetables are programs” LJ
“Culinary Design” LJ
I can make a bomb in 2 days
And a fruit in 3 days
And a spacecraft in 4 days
And I’m on my way out the door
Science Notes 3/11/2013
Scientists hosting at all the eclipse parties

“You should never mix elements
What you make is the element”
“Create it and give it an original name”
LJ