Up to Snuff #89: Vocabulary List #9

Up to Snuff #89:  Vocabulary List #9

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

 

Barren

Interrogation

Punitive

Vanguard

Glimmers

“Blueprint (for action)”

Praxis

Prognosis

Tumult

Eloquent

Service

Agency

Inadvertently

Singular

Exposition

Reference

Treaties

Perennial

Elusive

Receded

Agnostic

Rubric

Sustenance

Quiescence

Pacified

Expound

“Broad church”

Delimited

Credible

Pronouncements

Invocation

Per se

Arena

Aforementioned

Vaguely

Hindsight

Antique

Critique

Alterations

Margins

Notwithstanding

Binary

Chauvinism

Methodology

Expounded

Template

Vertical

Proponents

Caveats

Breadth

Upsurge

Upswing

Insurgency

Discern

Deficiency

Augment

Inter alia

Dialectical

Shifts

Seminal

Validity

Disproportionately

Fertile

Conceptual

Theorization

Vested

Status quo

Turgid

Opaque

Robust

Nuanced

Proportioned

Propositions

Avalanche

Inequality

Concomitant

Forestall

Misreading

Stalwarts

Guise

Genuine

Tyranny

Coercion

Indissoluble

Connotations

Normative

Paradigm

Successive

Iconoclastic

Morality

Egalitarianism

Unjust

Agnostic

 

 

Up to Snuff #88: Vocabulary List #8

Up to Snuff #88:  Vocabulary List #8

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

 

Philistines

Earnest

Anathemas

Attainment

Petty

Hindquarters

Sweeps

Squires

Indictment

Irreverent

Spectacle

Antiquated

Consecrates

Innocence

Pedantic

Extolled

Philosophic

Deserted

Redressing

Grievances

Dubbed

Dethronement

Annexing

Dispersal

Falutin

Bombastic

Thenceforth

Untenable

Wrest

Succumbed

Throes

Dissolution

Jurisprudence

Thereto

Vanish

Asceticism

Tinge

Villainous

Flogging

Juridical

Epochs

Enervating

Fort

Cudgels

Declaimed

Sismondi

Hypocritical

Bonds

Therefrom

Sought

Inculcated

Levelling

Crudest

Antagonisms

Endeavor

Yearnings

Reconstructions

Pedantry

Deaden

Fanatical

Superstitious

Prelude

Apace

Upsurges

Facet

Colossal

Redundant

Analogously

Albeit

Fruitful

 

 

Up to Snuff #87: Primary and Secondary Sources

 

Up to Snuff #87:  Primary and Secondary Sources

Compiled by Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu (Extracted from Applied History Course 200, SNHU)

 

Letters, speeches, diaries, newspaper articles, photographs, paintings, oral histories

“Primary sources are created by someone who was a participant in, or witness to, the historical event you are studying.  Firsthand accounts.

Manuscripts, documents

Primary source sets (https://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/primarysourcesets/)

Library of Congress

 

100 Milestone Documents (http://www.ourdocuments.gov/content.php?flash+true&page+milestone)

National archives, American History 1776-1965  original and transcribed copies

 

Library of Congress Prints and Photographs online catalog (PPOC)

(http://www.loc.gov/pictures/)

Photographs, drawings, prints

 

Smithsonian Source

(http://www.smithsoniansource.org/)

 

Memoirs, oral histories

Congress

Office of the President

Audio recordings

Moving Pictures

Video Recordings

Research data

Objects

Artifacts, works of art

Ancient roads, buidlings, tools or weapons

 

African American Biographical Database (AABD)-Proquest

1790-1950

 

American Antiquarian Society (AAS)

Historical Periodical Collection

1684-1912

 

Biography in Context-Gale

Magazine, journal articles, primary sources, videos, audio podcasts, images

 

Black Studies Center-Proquest

(includes Schomburg Studies on the Black Experience, international Index to Black Periodicals (IIBP)

The Chicago Defender, The Black Literature Index, The HistoryMakers oral history video resource and Black Abolitionist Papers

Congressional Legislative and Executive Publications-Proquest

Documents, hearings, CRS reports, committee reports, committee prints

Early English Books Online (EEBO)-Proquest

 

American Memory

At LOC

 

David Rumsey Historical Map Collection

Digital Public Library of America

Resources from US libraries, archives, museums, including photographs, books, maps, news footage, oral histories, personal letters, museum objects, artwork, government documents

 

Documenting the American South (DAS)

Maintained by University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill

Digitized Southern Perspectives on American History and Culture

 

Edward E. Ayer Digital Collection

Primary documents on American Indians, Native American archaeology, ethnology, art and language

History of contact between Europeans and native peoples, voyages, travles, accounts of early America, the development of cartography of the Western Hemisphere and the history of aboriginal peoples under the jurisdiction of the U.S. in the Philippine Islands and Hawaii

 

Harvard University Digital Collections

 

Library of Anglo-American Culture

 

Library of Congress Picture Collection

1.25 million digitized photographs searchable database

Cartoons, baseball cards, Depression Era photos documenting struggle migrant workers

 

The Making of America (MoA)

Digital library of primary sources in American social history from antebellum period through reconstruction

 

 

Ancient History Sourcebook

Mesopotamia to origins of Christianity

 

Avalon Project

Yale Law School’s Avalon Projet contains digital documents relevant to the fileds of Law, History, Economics, Politics, Diplomacy, Government, Ancient History to Modern Day.

 

Digital Scriptorium

Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts

Teaching and scholarly research

 

Euro Docs

Primary Docs by European Country of Origin

 

European History Primary Sources for the British Library

Search primary sources from British Library by country, language, period, subject, or type or source

 

Hanover Historical Texts Collection

Digital versions  historical texts for use in history and humanities courses.  Material touches on the Crusaders, Italian Renaissance, the Scientific Revolution, the Enlightenment, French Revolution

 

Internet History Source Books Project

From Fordham University, find primary sources for Ancient, Medieval and Modern periods, the site offers several subdivisions (African, women)

The Labyrinth

Georgetown University, Medieval studies scholarly resources compiled and organized from around the world.  Contains texts in all European languages, including Latin and Greek.

Library of Congress Global Gateway

Digitized intl. resources including cuneiform tablets, photographs and manuscripts

 

Perseus Digital Library

Tufts University, ancient world, archaeology, atlas, texts, translations, text tools

 

Up to Snuff #86: Vocabulary List #7

Up to Snuff #86:  Vocabulary List #7

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

 

Assertion

Suppression

Pathology

Landscape

Coalition

Bargaining

Nostalgically

Exalt

Forge

Fragmented

Respectively

Monopoly

Emergence

Resurgent

Decimated

Accelerated

Proponents

Cascade

Passivity

Engagement

Quintile (top or bottom)

Correlate

Blurred

Choppier

Paradoxically

Maturation

Sobering

Channeled

Foreseeable

Indeed

Prevail

Novel

Renounced

Heresy

Blistering

Banner

Betrayer

Virtue

Liability

Regulated

Marginalize

Factions

Avowedly

Mocked

Endorsing

Incumbent

Origins

Aggrandize

Morass

Skepticism

Implausibility

Spectrum

Coherent

Statute

“Tectonic shift”

Culmination

Hence

Enduring

Disfranchisement

Consequences

Topsy-turvy

Culminated

Structured

Touted

Chambers

Unilateral

Falsifiable

Rigorous

Architect

Strategy

Conductivity

Conducivity

Rancor

Dissension

Lesser

Infancy

Budgetary

Dysfunctional

Ramification

Entails

Dilution

Cue

Heuristic

Roils

Skewing

Tawdry

Czar

Contiguous

Tolerably

Landslide

Revolt

Exert

Discipline

Antimajoritarian

Prologue

Revolts

Majorities

Toggled

Filibuster

Disable

Speculative

Fraught

Countervailing

Endorse

Fragmented

Defenders

Pernicious

Malleable

Chafed

Longstanding

Seniority

Allocating

Tactics

Recapturing

“Framers vision”

Diffused

Concentrated

Measures

Insulated

Recalcitrant

 

Up to Snuff #85: Vocabulary List #6

Up to Snuff#85:  Vocabulary List #6

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

 

Aberrational

Mature

Despite

Reformers

Transcend

Inherent

Phenomenon

Arose

Regimented

Precision

Battlefield

Spectrum

Centrist

Elixir

Stimulus

Affiliated

Divergent

Ramification

Compromises

Consensus

Uniters

Temperament

Tenure

Accommodation

Mantle

Ideological

Enact

Policy

Initiatives

Transformative

Pointed by

Noted

Sanguine

Mischief

Contentious

Harmony

Polarization

Logic

Faction

Broadest

Circumstance

Conviction

Judgmental

Artefact

Partisan

Wringing

Catastrophe

Figures

Animated

Erect

Robust

Arbitrary

Gridlock

Paralysis

Tyranny

Despotism

Stitch

Baleful

Cardinal

Conduces

Parlance

Woo

Fabled

Median

Electoral

Legitimate

Panic

Shrift

Notion

Peculiarity

Divisive

Provocative

Persuasive

Principally

Distorted

Stemming

Exclusionary Suffrage

Pointillist

Moderates

Legislature

Tempered

Gerrymandering

Stringent

Scrutiny

Magnitude

Rigorous

Empirical

Ambitious

Agenda

Preponderantly

Contingent

Particularities

Swiftly

Cast out

Substantive

Systemic

Grasp

Political Moment

Salience

Elude

Capacity

Reconcile

Conspicuous

Stakeholders

Unitary

Comprehensive

Solomonic Issues

Asymmetric

Halcyon

Underwrite

Phenomenally

Well-performing

Postponement

Affluence

Conversely

Acrimony

Crept

Constrained

Preemptive

Emollient

 

Up to Snuff #84: What are MLA and APA?

Up to Snuff #84:  What are MLA and APA?

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

 

MLA is often in present tense.

Modern Language Association

“MLA Handbook Eighth Edition”

Writing in Humanities, English, Philosophy

“The main purpose is to analyze works of art, literature, music, philosophy, religion and or history.” (SNHU, ENG_122 Comp)

 

APA Past Tense

“APA Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association”

APA is writing in the Social Sciences, Psychology, Sociology, Social Work, and Business

“The main purpose of the paper is to report on original research or to review literature previously written about a research topic.” (SNHU, Eng_122 Comp)

Up to Snuff #83: Vocabulary List #5

Up to Snuff #83:  Vocabulary List #5

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

 

Venerable

Prejudices

Antiquated

Ossify

Profound

Exploitation

Cosmopolitan

Chagrin

Dislodged

Civilized

Indigenous

Seclusion

Self sufficiency

Intercourse

Immensely

Facilitated

Barbarism

Commodities

Artillery

Barters

Obstinate

Capitulate

Compels

Idiocy

Rural

Agglomerated

Centralization

Provinces

Scarce

Frontier

Colossal

Subjection

Compatible

Fetters

Burst asunder

Callous

Keenly

Wince

Fervor

Wrought

Chivalrous

Belies

Philistine

Empirical

Sentimentalism

Guise

Egotistical

Hone

Feasible

Wittily

Unconscionable

Quandary

Slothful

Nascent

Indolence

Bourgeois

Aqueducts

Specter

Cathedrals

Decried

Gothic

Expeditions

Reproach

Exoduses

Conditions

Adversaries

Uncertainty

Hitherto

Agitation

Nexus

Distinguish

Plebian

Patrician

Contending

Epochs

Manifold

Gradation

Subordinate

Sprouted

Feudal

Antagonisms

Sufficed

Counter

Cornerstone

Monarchies

Idyllic

Patriarchal

Motley

Sorcerer

Nether

Crises

Periodical

Epidemic

Absurdity

Subsistence

Disposal

Vicissitudes

Augmentation

Despotism

Proclaims

Unfit

Pauper

Superseded

Diminutive

Stratum

Suffice

Super Incumbent

Operatives

Strata

Locality

Planes

Yoke

Incoherent

Mutual

Equalized

Fluctuating

Precarious

Collisions

Legislative

Recognition

Decisive

Dissolution

Glaring

Ideologists

Comprehending

Theoretically

Desert

Intrigue

Stripped

Ambush

Futility

Fortify

Appropriation

Abolishing

Supremacy

Conquest

Begetting

Thereby

Quantum

Requisite

Reproach

Monopolized

Vanishes

Confess

 

Up to Snuff #82: Fiction Ideas

Up to Snuff #82:  Fiction Ideas

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

Descriptions

Describing people fully (dressing style, body, mannerisms, facial expressions, smell, personality, personality history, events that molded personality, pedigree, claim to fame, why to love or how to love)

Describing thoughts and narration

Describing places

Describing events

Describing time periods or era’s

Describing actions

Describing dialog

Having a thread that unites all the writing

Having a plot, basis or purpose for the writing

Having an audience

Having built a strong visualization and sensuality

Having developed your characters so that people have a feeling for them

Use of technology or software

Giving gifts and teaching simultaneously that values the book (cultural gifts, details)

Scenes as if it were a “screenplay” which they often become

Working from photos or imagery to create richer descriptions

Staging

Beautiful language, introducing vocabulary

Lessons, often used in High School English classes

Tell a good story

A map

A beginning, middle and end

Research histories and parallels

Suspense, thrill, exultation, surprise, build up, crescendo, unveiling, birth, crux, bridge, moving

Page-turner status, glue them in, have something your audience wants eg. fantasy, romance, gifts, bread crumb trails, teachings, romantic lifestyle, spirituality

All the way through its storytelling and descriptions

Use timelines

Settings, international agenda, historical events, history plus romance, valuation or commemoration of things or places, historical lenses (social, economic, cultural, political etc.), dramatic occurrences, blow-up of dots of mundane or ordinary or small events as something special or existential, human condition, a period or era feeling, a sign of the times

Capturing emotional feelings, tears, euphoria, anger, joy, hope, inciting, fears, gaiety, pinpointing emotions

Dialog design

Carry from one feeling to the next, keep suspended

Make a software for each book

Up to Snuff #81: What a books trajectory can be

Up to Snuff #81:  What a book’s trajectory can be

By Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

Fiction-Used by filmmakers, to popular culture, page-turners, high school English classes, libraries, bookstores

Poetry-To musicians for songwriting, also to film if vivid enough or beautified thought, popular culture, libraries, bookstores, poetry slams, readings, reading filmings

Non-Fiction-Historical archives, primary or secondary sources, libraries, school text books, into knowledge, used as a resource, something for study, documentaries, educational films

Up to Snuff #80: What’s what in writing?

Up to Snuff #80:  What’s what in writing?

By, Afua Serwah Osei-Bonsu

(Extracted from “A Pocket Style Manual,” By Diana Hacker, Table of Contents)

Clarity-tightening of wordy sentences, preference for active verbs, repairs dangling modifiers, provide sentence variety, find appropriate voice

Grammar-Make subjects and verbs agree, other problems with verbs, use pronouns with care, use adjectives and adverbs appropriately, repair sentence fragments, revise run-on sentences, review grammar concerns for multilingual writers

Punctuation-the comma, semicolon and colon, apostrophe, quotation marks, other marks

Mechanics-capitalization, abbreviations, numbers and italics, spelling and the hyphen